Adding Container Images to Google Container Registry (GCR)
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Google Container Registry (GCR) is a service in Google Cloud Platform (GCP) to manage your own docker container repository. This is fully managed service and you can store your custom container images as well as common images from other image repositories. Also, you can implement fine-grained access control on your private container registry using GCR.
Let’s see how we can add an image to our own GCR and see details in Web GUI.
If you open Container Registry for first time, you will see a blank list as above as you haven’t setup anything inside. Let’s pull some image from docker hub (hub.docker.com) and store it in our private GCR. For testing I am pulling some sample images like gogs. (Gogs is simple self-hosted Git service with Web GUI; Learn more)
[email protected]:~$ gcloud auth configure-docker gcloud credential helpers already registered correctly.
You can do this via Google Cloud Shell or setup your workstation with Cloud SDK (Make sure you have configured credentials and enabled billing for the project). For an easy demo, I am using Cloud Shell from GCP Console.
Pull Docker Container Image
Let’s see what we have on the cloud shell (or your workstation now.
[email protected]:~$ docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE [email protected]:~$
Now we will pull gogs image from docker hub.
[email protected]:~$ docker pull gogs/gogs Using default tag: latest latest: Pulling from gogs/gogs 9d48c3bd43c5: Pull complete 1013a6a6073e: Pull complete f074cb3ecafc: Pull complete 33433d770f0d: Pull complete b464f169dfd9: Pull complete 77e3c5692f7d: Pull complete e6d8ab097b45: Pull complete 13266a8e4353: Pull complete 2ac951b0051b: Pull complete 266414b76811: Pull complete Digest: sha256:48cd3d14f6d5c9f73cd462b42e67f7a021b299da8fdaa2003cc164fe6ed08a38 Status: Downloaded newer image for gogs/gogs:latest docker.io/gogs/gogs:latest
And see what all images we have now locally.
[email protected]:~$ docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE gogs/gogs latest 9dee4424cf01 2 weeks ago 99.8MB
Tag Images with registry name
Now we need to follow the normal docker image manipulation process like tagging image with new registry name and push it to our registry.
[email protected]:~$ docker tag gogs/gogs gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs:latest
gogs/gogs is our local image which we pulled from docker hub. And, gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs:latest is the new image tag where,
- gcr.io is the google container registry (it can be us.gcr.io, eu.gcr.io etc, depends on the region/location)
- devops-vinmel is my project I want to tag under.
- gogs is my image name (You can use any name as well)
- latest is the tag (you can use as 1.0, 2.1 etc)
Remember, there was only one entry earlier and now see how many image entries we have locally.
[email protected]:~$ docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE gogs/gogs latest 9dee4424cf01 2 weeks ago 99.8MB gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs latest 9dee4424cf01 2 weeks ago 99.8MB
So, you have a new entry with your own tag (but pointing to same image ID).
Pushing Image to Registry
Let’s push our newly tagged image to registry, which we have tagged as gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs:latest
[email protected]:~$ docker push gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs:latest The push refers to repository [gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs] 472aa1d10b15: Pushed 1a0a9e02ec1d: Pushed cda4f57c1811: Pushed 074fc7d49e95: Pushed 0f12e9fa2e77: Pushed b8d11cf1485c: Pushed e18f9d09a6f5: Pushed b2f817b146eb: Pushed acf16385892f: Pushed 03901b4a2ea8: Layer already exists latest: digest: sha256:48cd3d14f6d5c9f73cd462b42e67f7a021b299da8fdaa2003cc164fe6ed08a38 size: 2415
Please note, when you push your new docker image to a registry with a new hostname (gcr.io or us.gcr.io), Google Container Registry will creates a storage bucket for storing this image.
That’s all, you have added a new container image in your own GCR and let’s see this on container registry GCP web console or via gcloud command.
[email protected]:~ (devops-vinmel)$ gcloud container images list-tags gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs DIGEST TAGS TIMESTAMP 48cd3d14f6d5 latest 2019-10-04T11:59:14
Yes, there is an entry with gogs and you can see content inside.
You can also see the pull command to use this image.
docker pull gcr.io/devops-vinmel/gogs:latest
Once you tested or maybe if you want to remove images, you can simply do it from your GUI itself.