Skip to content

How to open WinRM ports in the Windows firewall

|

You might already knew that, Ansible can manage Windows servers as well. And this is a supporting article for Configure Your Windows Host to be Managed by Ansible.

Ansible is using WinRM (Windows Remote Management) to connect to the Windows machines. You need to configure listener and the service on the Windows machine as part of WinRM setup and this is clearly explained in this document.

Ensure WinRM Ports are Open

Next, we need to make sure, ports 5985 and 5986 (HTTPS) are open in firewall (both OS as well as network side).

Open Windows Firewall from Start -> Run -> Type wf.msc.

(Or Open Computer Configuration -> Policies -> Windows Settings -> Security Settings -> Windows Firewall with Advanced Security -> Windows Firewall with Advanced Security -> Inbound Rules.)

Right-click the Inbound Rules node and choose New Rule.

Select the predefined rule “Windows Remote Management” from the dropdown option

Select Rules as needed

Select Allow the connections

Verify the same in console

Verify WinRM Configurations

Note: If you have already executed the ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1 successfully, you can directly try the connection from an Ansible machine. Below step is to ensure that WinRM is working from same managed node.

Open a command prompt or powershell and execute winrm e winrm/config/listener.

C:\Users\Administrator>winrm e winrm/config/listener
Listener
    Address = *
    Transport = HTTP
    Port = 5985
    Hostname
    Enabled = true
    URLPrefix = wsman
    CertificateThumbprint
    ListeningOn = 10.0.2.15, 127.0.0.1, 192.168.99.103, ::1, fe80::5efe:10.0.2.15%3, fe80::5efe:192.168.99.103%13, fe80::785d:9659:c4d4:9b0f%16

Listener
    Address = *
    Transport = HTTPS
    Port = 5986
    Hostname = WIN-CCUQI8Q4RMH
    Enabled = true
    URLPrefix = wsman
    CertificateThumbprint = 64E69568BD75F3068BDCBF7ED819E4EA9ED1FDA3
    ListeningOn = 10.0.2.15, 127.0.0.1, 192.168.99.103, ::1, fe80::5efe:10.0.2.15%3, fe80::5efe:192.168.99.103%13, fe80::785d:9659:c4d4:9b0f%16

Check WinRM Configuration

C:\Users\Administrator>winrm get winrm/config
Config
    MaxEnvelopeSizekb = 500
    MaxTimeoutms = 60000
    MaxBatchItems = 32000
    MaxProviderRequests = 4294967295
    Client
        NetworkDelayms = 5000
        URLPrefix = wsman
        AllowUnencrypted = false
        Auth
            Basic = true
            Digest = true
            Kerberos = true
            Negotiate = true
            Certificate = true
            CredSSP = false
        DefaultPorts
            HTTP = 5985
            HTTPS = 5986
        TrustedHosts
    Service
        RootSDDL = O:NSG:BAD:P(A;;GA;;;BA)(A;;GR;;;IU)S:P(AU;FA;GA;;;WD)(AU;SA;GXGW;;;WD)
        MaxConcurrentOperations = 4294967295
        MaxConcurrentOperationsPerUser = 1500
        EnumerationTimeoutms = 240000
        MaxConnections = 300
        MaxPacketRetrievalTimeSeconds = 120
        AllowUnencrypted = true
        Auth
            Basic = true
            Kerberos = true
            Negotiate = true
            Certificate = false
            CredSSP = false
            CbtHardeningLevel = Relaxed
        DefaultPorts
            HTTP = 5985
            HTTPS = 5986
        IPv4Filter = *
        IPv6Filter = *
        EnableCompatibilityHttpListener = false
        EnableCompatibilityHttpsListener = false
        CertificateThumbprint
        AllowRemoteAccess = true
    Winrs
        AllowRemoteShellAccess = true
        IdleTimeout = 7200000
        MaxConcurrentUsers = 2147483647
        MaxShellRunTime = 2147483647
        MaxProcessesPerShell = 2147483647
        MaxMemoryPerShellMB = 2147483647
        MaxShellsPerUser = 2147483647

C:\Users\Administrator>

Verify Port Connection

You can verify connectivity using any method but since I am using this for Ansible, I will check the port connection from my Ansible machine (Any linux machine)

$ nc -vz 192.168.99.103 5985 
Connection to 192.168.99.103 port 5985 [tcp/wsman] succeeded !

That’s it, now you can access your Windows machine over WinRM and Ansible will be able to execute playbook and tasks on your Windows machine.

Gineesh has worked as a Systems Engineer, Automation Specialist, and content author. His primary focus is on Ansible Automation, Containerisation (OpenShift & Kubernetes), and Infrastructure as Code (Terraform). (aka Gini Gangadharan - iamgini.com)

Gineesh has worked as a Systems Engineer, Automation Specialist, and content author. His primary focus is on Ansible Automation, Containerisation (OpenShift & Kubernetes), and Infrastructure as Code (Terraform). (aka Gini Gangadharan - iamgini.com)

Comments

5 Responses

  1. […] Read How to open WinRM ports in the Windows firewall. […]

  2. Raj Mohan says:

    I was looking for the same. Thank you.

  3. […] simple as in the document. You need to configure and enable WinRM on your Windows machine and then open WinRM ports 5985 and 5986(HTTPS) in the Windows Firewall (and also in the network firewall if […]

  4. […] How to open WinRM ports in the Windows firewall […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: