GitLab is an open source DevOps platform with functionalities such as Git server, CI/CD, DevSecOps and many other features. You can use hosted service at gitlab.com or you can install GitLab on your server and use it. However, most of the people using GitLab as a Git server rather than the full DevOps platform. Anyway, if you need a fully functional Git server for your environment, one of the best options is GitLab and you can install it for free by using GitLab CE (Community Edition). If you need support, then check for GitLab EE (Enterprise Edition).
Installing GitLab is a simple job as you just need to install the dependancies and then GitLab package. But the process is bit different when you do not have internet on your server (restricted or disconnected environment) on which you want to install GitLab.
In this tutorial, you will learn how to install GitLab CE in a disconnected (no Internet) server.
Since we cannot simple install GitLab using package managers (yum, dnf, apt), we need to download the the package manually (from a machine with internet access) and transfer to the server.Download the package from packages.gitlab.com and in my case I am installing GitLab Ce on a RHEL8 server (Red Hat Enterprise Linux).
Find the rpm link (or whichever package you are installing) and click on the link. In my case I am downloading gitlab-ce-14.5.2-ce.0.el8.x86_64.rpm (el8) for RHEL8.
In the next screen, you will see the link for downloading the rpm file (Upper right corner as shown below). Click on the download link.
Note: You can download the rpm file using
curl from an internet connected machine as well.
$ wget --content-disposition https://packages.gitlab.com/gitlab/gitlab-ce/packages/el/8/gitlab-ce-14.5.2-ce.0.el8.x86_64.rpm/download.rpm
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You can use any of the allowed methods (scp, winscp etc) to transfer the package (RPM) to the GitLab server.
Make sure you have access to the operating system repositories to install the dependancy packages. Eg: for RHEL8, make sure you have access to the Satellite server or local yum repositories enabled.
$ sudo dnf install -y \ curl \ policycoreutils \ openssh-server \ perl \ postfix \ openssl \ tzdata \ yum-utils
sshd is working (If you are already connected via ssh then this steps is already done. If you are using server remote console, then enable sshd)
# Enable OpenSSH server daemon if not enabled: sudo systemctl status sshd sudo systemctl enable sshd sudo systemctl start sshd
Enable firewall ports for GitLab access.
sudo systemctl status firewalld $ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http && \ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=https && \ sudo systemctl reload firewalld
Enable Postfix for email.
$ sudo dnf install postfix && \ sudo systemctl enable postfix && \ sudo systemctl start postfix
Now you can install GitLab CE package using
dnf localinstall (or use alternative command for your operating system). Remember to configure the environment variable for
EXTERNAL_URL you are using should a valid DNS or you need to add the entry in your
/etc/hosts file on the client machine from where you are accessing the GitLab server.
$ sudo EXTERNAL_URL="http://gitlab.lab.local" \ GITLAB_ROOT_PASSWORD="gitlabadmin" \ dnf localinstall -y gitlab-ce-14.5.2-ce.0.el8.x86_64.rpm
Note: If any error with
gpgcheck, then disable
gpgcheck by adding
--nogpgcheck at the end of
If you missed to mention the
root password while installing, then get the default random password generated by installer. (This password will be removed by
gitlab-ctl reconfigure later.)
$ sudo cat /etc/gitlab/initial_root_password
Now you can access the GitLab CE server from a browser using the
EXTERNAL_URL you have configured (eg: http://gitlab.lab.local).
Refer GitLab official documentation for further reading.